Sir Ken Robinson, a world renowned education and creativity expert, explains among other things, the path that education reform is taking so far based on old paradigms and assumptions about how we educate youth.
In particular, pay attention to the parts on divergent thinking and how everyone has the capacity for it, the habits of old institutions, aesthetic learning vs. anaesthetic learning, and group collaborative learning. This is an excellent video.
Here is an excellent analysis of the recent release of the value-added assessments in NYC. Liz Phillips, the principal at PS 321, lays out how these scores are inaccurate and lays out the deleterious effects the scores have on high performing schools like hers.
The article, published by the NYC Public School Parents blog:
A principal at a high performing school explains why she is "absolutely sick" about the public release of the TDRs
There have been so many disheartening and disappointing things that I've seen in the education system in NYC. The first disappointment came when I was in school at TC and I saw that Cathie Black, former Hearst Magazines president with no education experience, was named Chancellor of the largest public school system in the United States. At least she stepped down after three months. The second disappointment occurred today when New York City released flawed value-added assessment data of all its teachers to the public. The impact of this disgraceful public humiliation by the city of our hard-working teachers is something that cannot just be undone. It has lasting impact on not just the teacher, but the wider school and family communities. When confidence in teachers need to be strengthened, the city is shaming teachers with flawed, inaccurate data.
Schools are communities where everyone cooperates--to help those who need help, to educate those who have not had the opportunity to be educated, to learn together, strengthening our communal knowledge.
I want to make this point crystal clear so let me use the following table below to make clear why schools are, and should remain, communities. This will also help elucidate the contrast between the community based model of education and the business model being advocated by businessmen.
Schools are, and should remain, communities
Schools ought to operate like stores
If advocates of the business model want to weed out the "bad worker" or the "bad teacher," they need to first define who that is and develop a system WITH educators and administrators that reviews the performance of the teacher and determines that they cannot teach or improve.
As I teach my students when they face a bully who does not respect them and tries to shame them in front of their peers, rise above. Bullies are not team players and they usually have very few, if any, friends because bullies will turn on their friends, too. Bullies treat you like an object that they can just toss around, not asking for your opinion and not believing that people can change and grow. Perhaps bullies lost the confidence in themselves that they could change and grow and now can only exert power to humiliate others.
NYC, do not be a bully to your teachers and don't treat them like commodities.
With the onset of the release of public school teacher's ratings, I read this very good article on why one teacher is abstaining from participating in justifying the scores the NYTimes is planning to publish.
A few notable quotes from the post:
"No. I don’t want to justify or get validation for whatever the reports say about me. With this huge body of evidence and the growing backlash against such reports, why would any respectable publication diminish their own journalistic credibility by publishing them and systematizing them in their website? I have serious doubts about the validity of doing this insofar as asking teachers to contribute to the further deprofessionalization of teaching.
The logic is simple: if we give in to telling the New York Times about our data reports, then we’re actually responding, and by responding in the manner they’ve chosen, they’re actually telling us to defend ourselves in the court of public opinion.
I get that it’s the New York Times. I also get that the UFT chapter leader Michael Mulgrew encouraged us to give in to the process, probably as a form of protest. I respect that this is an opportunity to talk to the establishments that need our assistance in this matter. However, I just don’t think this is the right way to go about it.
All these intangibles I can’t quite calculate, and all these numbers I’d rather not validate.
Jose, who just won't accept it..."
I recently went to one of the screenings for a film featured in the New York Disability Film Festival. The film I saw was a selection of various award winning short films from around the globe. It's titled Reel Encounters 2012.
I chose to see Reel Encounters 2012 because I wanted to see what type of variety was being featured in the disability film festival. This was the first time I went to any film festival and the film proved to be provocative, intriguing, meaningful, and extremely real. The films brought to life what it means to live with a disability and what experiences people of any age endure.
I especially liked the focus on the angst adolescents feel during that period in their lives and how that can be exacerbated by a disability. The disabilities featured in Reel Encounters 2012 included blindness, cerebral palsy, and the competition and affection between a child in a wheelchair and his non-disabled peer.
I highly suggest seeing this film or the other acclaimed films in this film festival.
This is an excellent article on the "schools we [should] envy" in Finland. I encourage anyone who wants to become more interested in education reform in the United States to read this article:
"Even the corporate reformers admire Finland, apparently not recognizing that Finland disproves every part of their agenda."
I graduated from Teachers College, Columbia University (TC) last December and have a few reflections on teacher education and training in general. In the United States, there are many ways to obtain certification to become a teacher, via Teach for America (TFA), an online certification process, non-profits like The New Teacher Project (TNTP), and other organizations that supposedly prepare teachers for the state certification exams. I have friends that are in TFA, who complain that there are not enough support structures. While I commend my TFA friends for wanting to do good and to try teaching, if they are serious about entering this profession, I suggest they participate in an apprenticeship with expert, mentor teachers in a MA-level program. To me collaborating with peers in a reflective, democratic, and critical education is more conducive to shaping stellar teachers than these quick and easy certification programs. A MA-level program that supports its student teachers, helps shape their curriculum developing skills, and integrates their thinking on a range of racial, social, and economic problems facing a heterogeneous student body is what I call a stellar education in education.
Any profession has extraordinary, excellent, good, mediocre, and still developing workers. In education, you will find the same, though I have no idea where in the spectrum of teachers the mode lies. Is the mode, or most frequent reoccurring data set of teachers, in extraordinary teachers or mediocre teachers? We do not know because we do not yet have a universally agreed upon metric for evaluating teachers that is accurate. Since this is the case, let's instead look at what candidates consider when they want to enter the field. What are the assumptions underlying their choices?
Money, time, and quality. Those are the three undeniable factors that go into consideration when choosing any graduate level program and education program. How much money will it cost a person to get their education, how much time will it cost, and how qualified is the program? Those who choose the quick and easy route, I argue, may operate off the assumption that "I don't need to spend my quality time to get a quality education because the knowledge required of me does not really require a MA degree. This route is cheaper and I can probably learn the material very easily because anyone can teach." This route may also just be convenient for the individual at this time. If anyone can teach and the knowledge is so easy, then it makes sense to spend the least amount of money and just get the necessary certifications and licenses to become a teacher. Snap, snap, it's quick and easy. Hence, the existence of such quick and easy programs that allow people to become a teacher with minimal credentials. When people wonder why we have such variety and variance in teacher quality, it is because there is such variety and variance amongst the quality of programs out there that allow individuals to become teachers with only minimal credentials. Despite the variance in programs for teachers, the assumption that anyone can teach is more problematic. Granted, people do teaching all the time (college courses, video presentations, tutoring, etc.), but K-12 public education teaching with a diverse student body 5x a day is an altogether different issue that I will be addressing.
TEACHING IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES
Teaching is not right for everyone. Not everyone has great rapport with students or knows the development of children and youth. Not everyone knows what is appropriate for a particular age group either. Not everyone knows how to manage a class. Not everyone knows how to teach, being receptive to the needs of the student and how the teacher is presenting the material.
Teaching is challenging, exhausting, and incredibly rewarding. It is rewarding because of how challenging it is. When a student learns, you reap much satisfaction from the fruits of your labor. The challenge of helping a student acquire on his or her own a particular concept, to get excited by the acquisition, and to want to acquire more research/information is no easy task. It involves stamina, to keep trying after failing; it involves creativity, to keep thinking of innovative ways to solve a problem; and it involves excellent judgment by the teacher to know when to intervene and guide, and when to stay hands-off. If teaching and learning were so easy, it would not be as rewarding or meaningful as it really is. Nothing worthwhile ever comes easy.
In other professions, one would want to try to go to the best school possible within their means such that thy could obtain a top-rate education. However, I find time and time again potential teachers questioning whether they should go to the best school within their means, or go to the quickest, cheapest, and easiest route to get teacher certification. I was once asked, "Why do you want to spend so much to go to TC just to become an elementary school teacher?" Again, the assumption that the content and knowledge required to be a K-12 teacher is not worthy of an Ivy-League degree. While the cost of TC is certainly very steep and could be cheaper (or have incentives that appreciate how little teachers earn), there is a prevailing belief in society that teaching is easy, the knowledge is easy, and anyone can do it. Ask them what knowledge is actually required to be a good teacher and I bet they would balk and not give you a straight answer.
A teacher in heterogeneously mixed public schools teaches not just content, but also how to sustain creativity and curiosity to learn. Teachers spark the fire of curiosity in students that help them sustain their curiosity in science, math, social studies, art, music, etc. Teachers facilitate opportunities for individuals to develop their leadership and collaboration skills. Teachers are in it because they are devoted to their students. Teaching in the United States is not easy because the public school classroom is a great equalizer that brings people of many different cultures, races, and classes together. There is bound to be conflict and one hallmark of the many hallmarks of a great teacher is the ability to have conflict resolution skills that promote critical, insightful, and safe discussions about hard issues. Teaching is not easy.
DIFFERENT LIFE PATHS
I understand that individuals come from many different backgrounds and life paths before deciding to become a teacher, but those who spend a decent amount of time to learn how to teach material, who took the time to investigate whether they were knowledgeable in their field and really sought to be the best they can be should be commended. Managing 25-30 children every single day, not being tardy or absent, is already a feat in and of itself. Teaching and subsequently shaping youth to be the next critical thinkers and innovators of our time is a whole different story altogether. What goes into a teacher education program can help support you throughout your career. The quick and easy route may not always be the best route. I believe that those who want to become great teachers will invest the time and energy to become just that.
The views expressed on these pages are mine alone and do not reflect those of institutions, organizations, or employers associated with me, past or present.